Laser welding is a key manufacturing process


Rietheim-Weilheim, Germany – Electronic drive authorization systems for vehicles are produced by Marquardt GmbH, headquartered in this community. Here, plastic welding using diode lasers has been a mainstream manufacturing process for many years and is used in the production of a wide range of parts. One such example is the car key, which today has become far more than just an object used to start the car engine.

The car key has evolved into a design object while at the same time providing vehicle security (see photo). In the course of assembling the key’s plastic components, it is essential that the joining process does not affect the component surface, as aesthetics and finish must be maintained and more importantly, there must be no risk of damage to the sensitive internal electronic components.

Marquardt therefore follows a series of strict production guidelines to ensure that consistent joining techniques are guaranteed. The welding process, for example, must ensure high weld seam strength as well as a hermetically sealed joint to keep out moisture. High operational flexibility is also crucial to allow maximum freedom for component design.

A further important aspect is the high dimensional accuracy required on the components after assembly. The welding process should also be controllable whilse keeping the process time as short as possible. Welding using a high-power diode laser from Rofin-Baasel fulfils all of these requirements.

Additional benefits from the laser welding process include the ability to process 3-dimensional contours and, due to the small heat-affected zone, very fine welding seams can be achieved.

Laser welding of plastics using high-power diode lasers has become well-established, with more and more well-known companies within the automotive industry, medical device manufacturing industry and others using this as the preferred joining method. The clear advantages in terms of cost, process stability, high precision and weld seam quality mean that laser welding for plastics continues to grow in popularity as more manufacturers discover the technology.

The development of the car key continues at pace, with miniaturization and compact design requiring a joining technology that can deliver small and precise weld seams. In addition, the demand for even more complex and contemporary designs looks set to exceed the capabilities of conventional joining technologies.

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